¿Por qué la gente se confunde? La fibromialgia en realidad no es una enfermedad autoinmune

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almente la naturaleza de la desregulación causada por la fibromialgia.

Enfermedades autoinmunes explicadas
Como se mencionó anteriormente, las enfermedades autoinmunes incluyen la espondilitis anquilosante, el lupus, la artritis reumatoide y otras. En ninguna parte de esta lista encontrará fibromialgia enfermedad autoinmune. Entonces, aunque la fibromialgia sí exhibe los síntomas de una enfermedad / trastorno autoinmune, no se la considera una.

 

¿Cuáles son los síntomas de una enfermedad autoinmune?
Hay muchos síntomas de una enfermedad autoinmune, muchos de los cuales son iguales o casi iguales en aquellos que tienen fibromialgia. Los siguientes son algunos de los síntomas que ocurren con las enfermedades autoinmunes que también podrían apuntar a la fibromialgia.

Fatiga extrema: este es el nivel de fatiga que no ayuda al descansar un poco.
Dolor articular y muscular: puede tratarse de una variedad de dolores, desde dolor general hasta ardor, dolores, dolor general en los músculos y dolores / molestias en las articulaciones.
Debilidad muscular: sensación de debilidad en los músculos, así como pérdida de la fuerza de manos / brazos o piernas / muslos.
Glándulas hinchadas, especialmente aquellas en la garganta, debajo de los brazos y en la parte superior de las piernas alrededor de la ingle.
Mayor susceptibilidad a las infecciones: las infecciones frecuentes de la vejiga, los resfriados, las infecciones del oído, las infecciones por levaduras, el dolor de garganta y los problemas de sinusitis son muy comunes entre los pacientes con fibromialgia y los pacientes con trastornos autoinmunes. Además, experimentará un tiempo de recuperación mucho más lento si tiene un trastorno autoinmune.

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  • Sleep Disturbances- problems with falling/staying asleep.
  • Weight Gain/Loss- changes in weight, usually in a 10 to 15 pound range.
  • Low Blood Sugar- this points to adrenal fatigue.
  • Changes in Blood Pressure- you may have very high or very low blood pressure, in combination with feelings of vertigo or dizziness, palpitations/fluctuations in heart rate, and/or fainting.
  • Candida Yeast Infections- this includes sinus infections, digestive problems, thrush, or even vaginal yeast infections.
  • Allergies- allergic/sensitive to certain chemicals, foods, and things in the environment.
  • Digestive Problems- this includes heartburn, constipation, cramping, bloating, pain in the abdomen, excessive gas, and even diarrhea is quite common.
  • Depression/Anxiety- changes in both mood and emotions, excessively irritable, and even panic attacks.
  • Memory Problems- this often manifests as what is called “brain fog” where you can only vaguely remember things.
  • Thyroid Problems- typically, the problem is hypothyroidism, though sometimes can be hyperthyroidism, and typically does not show up on a thyroid test. This can manifest itself as excessive hair loss and a lowered body temperature.
  • Headaches that keep occurring- this can be severe headaches or migraines.
  • Low Grade Fevers- quite common, some experience this every single day.
  • PMS- bloating, heavy bleeding, extreme cramps and an irregular cycle are quite common with both fibromyalgia and an autoimmune disease.

Common Fibromyalgia Symptoms

– Pain All Over the Body- this is aching, throbbing, stabbing/shooting, burning pain deep within the muscles.

– Fatigue- feeling completely drained of energy (can be one of the most debilitating of the symptoms).

– Difficulty Sleeping- this includes both falling and staying asleep. You will not be getting adequate sleep, so you feel quite deprived of sleep upon getting up.

– Brain Fog- problems with focusing/concentrating on things, retaining information recently learned, etc.

– Stiffness Upon Waking in the Mornings- muscles feel more sore in the early mornings and individuals feel more stiff than they usually are. Typically, gently stretching your muscles and taking a warm shower/bath helps to loosen them up.

– Knotting, Cramping, Weakness in Muscles- no matter how much you do to relax the muscles, they still feel very tense. The pain that is caused by fibromyalgia itself could be a source of muscle weakness.

– Digestive Disorders- abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, nausea, diarrhea, gas, IBS, and more are very common with fibromyalgia. Also, slow digestion and acid reflux are common.

– Migraines/Headaches- these are typically present at least twice per week and are rated as severe pain- usually with a migraine component. The pain is partially due to trigger points located in the head, neck, and shoulders.

– Problems with Balance- typically, individuals afflicted with fibromyalgia have trouble walking and their odds of falling down are increased.

– Burning/Itching Skin- you may have itchy/red bumps or your skin may be completely clear and it burns like when you have been sunburned.

Compare Fibromyalgia and Autoimmunity

Though some of the symptoms are quite similar- and even exactly the same in some cases- the research into fibromyalgia has not found a link to autoimmunity.  There have been no inflammatory markers that have been elevated consistently, there have been no antibodies discovered, and researchers have not observed the damage that is typical of autoimmune activity within the body.

However, there has been a significant overlap that has been observed between specific autoimmune conditions and fibromyalgia that shows the possibility that those who have autoimmunity are susceptible to developing fibromyalgia. These are:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Hashimoto’s Autoimmune Thyroiditis
  • Lupus

¿Por qué la gente se confunde?
El hecho de que las personas malinterpreten el significado de “autoinmunidad” contribuye en gran medida a la incomprensión entre los dos. Además, podría ser a las similitudes entre los dos.

Por ejemplo: tanto la fibromialgia como los trastornos autoinmunes tienen fatiga, dolor y varios otros síntomas muy comunes; tanto la fibromialgia como los trastornos autoinmunes pueden ser bastante difíciles de diagnosticar y pueden tomar mucho tiempo en resolverse; una mala comprensión común de los dos, incluso aquellos en la comunidad médica no siempre entienden la fibromialgia y los trastornos autoinmunes, por lo que los agrupan porque en la superficie, parecen iguales.

Sin embargo, debe comprender la diferencia entre los dos porque aunque parezcan ser los mismos, los tratamientos son muy diferentes. No desea ser tratado por uno si tiene el otro: el tratamiento no sería exitoso.

referencia; https: //www.ushealthmag.co/why-do-people-get-confused-fibromyalgia-is-actually-not-an-autoimmune-disease/

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