Psoriatic Arthritis Types:
Do You Know About Psoriatic Arthritis? Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that primarily affects the skin but about 30 percent of people with psoriasis also develop a form of inflammatory arthritis called Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA). Psoriatic arthritis types occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. The faulty immune response causes inflammation that triggers joint pain, stiffness and swelling. The inflammation can affect the entire body and may lead to permanent joint and tissue damage if it is not treated early and aggressively. Psoriatic arthritis types happens because your immune system is overactive. Psoriatic arthritis types affects mostly people who have psoriasis, a skin disease that’s also related to the immune system. Sometimes doctors misdiagnose it as gout, rheumatoid arthritis, or osteoarthritis. Medication can control the inflammation, ease your symptoms, and prevent long-term joint damage. Exercise is another important way to take charge of the symptoms, including joint problems and fatigue.
What are the Causes of Psoriatic Arthritis Types? We don’t know exactly why some people get the condition and others don’t, but it seems to run in families. As many as 40% of people with psoriatic arthritis types have a family member with skin or joint problems. Up to a third of people who have psoriasis will get psoriatic arthritis types. Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes a red, scaly rash, often over the elbows, knees, ankles, feet, and hands. It can also affect your nails. Both of these diseases happen because your immune system attacks your body instead of something from outside.Psoriatic arthritis types usually shows up between ages 30 and 50, but it may start in childhood. Both men and women get it.
Do You Have Some Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis Types? Symptoms include pain and swelling in the hands, wrists, elbows, shoulders, knees, ankles, feet, and spine; morning stiffness; and fatigue similar to that of rheumatoid arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis types can also cause inflammation in other areas of the body, including the eyes.
Which Type of Psoriatic Arthritis You Have? There are five psoriatic arthritis types:
- Symmetric psoriatic arthritis: Symmetric arthritis affects the same joints usually in multiple matching pairs on opposite sides of the body. Symmetric psoriatic arthritis can be disabling, causing varying degrees of progressive, destructive disease and loss of function in 50% of people with this type of arthritis.
- Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis: Asymmetric arthritis typically involves one to three joints in the body large or small such as the knee, hip, or one or several fingers. Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis does not affect matching pairs of joints on opposite sides of the body.
- Distal interphalangeal predominant (DIP): Distal interphalangeal predominant psoriatic arthritis involves primarily the small joints in the fingers and toes closest to the nail. DIP psoriatic arthritis is sometimes confused with osteoarthritis, a chronic disease that causes the deterioration of joint cartilage and bone as well as bone spurs at the joints.
- Spondylitis : Spondylitis affects the spinal column and may cause inflammation and stiffness in the neck, lower back, spinal vertebrae, or sacroiliac region (pelvic area), making motion difficult. Spondylitis also can attack connective tissue, such as ligaments, or cause arthritic disease in the joints of the arms, hips, legs, or feet.
- Arthritis mutilans: Arthritis mutilans is a severe, deforming, and destructive form of psoriatic arthritis that primarily affects the small joints in the fingers and toes closest to the nail. This leads to lost function of the involved joints. It also is frequently associated with lower back and neck pain. Fortunately, this type of psoriatic arthritis is rare.
How are Psoriatic Arthritis Types Treated? Treatment for psoriatic arthritis types consists of twice daily moist heat or cold applications, exercises, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). If there is little improvement or if there are permanent changes visible on an X-ray, then a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) or a biologic drug will be added to help prevent long-term joint damage. Enzyme inhibitors such as apremilast (Otezla) can also be prescribed to block proteins that cause the inflammation.
Conclusion: Thus, it is concluded Just make sure you stick with what your doctor says is OK for you probably low-impact activities. When you make exercise a habit, you can:
- Ease arthritis symptoms.
- Improve how you move.
- Get stronger and more flexible.
- Keep your weight healthy, which takes pressure off your joints.
- Help your heart.
- Boost your mood.
- Give yourself more energy.
Medication can control the inflammation, ease your symptoms, and prevent long-term joint damage. Exercise is another important way to take charge of the symptoms, including joint problems and fatigue.Source.